At the moment, this topic of climate change, along with the fight against poverty, is one of the key areas in which almost all countries in the world are applying a consensus that the efforts of all countries should be involved, at least slowing down the process.
Global climate change has already had a noticeable impact on the environment. Glaciers have shrunk, ice on rivers and lakes dims earlier, habitats of plants and animals have shifted, trees bloom faster.
The effects of climate change that scientists predicted in the past are now manifesting themselves: loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise, and longer and more intense periods of warming in the ambient air.
Scientists are confident that global temperatures will continue to rise in the coming decades, mainly due to greenhouse gases produced by human activities. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which includes more than 1,300 scientists from virtually every country in the world, predicts a temperature rise of 2-7 degrees Celsius over the next century.
According to the IPCC, the extent to which climate change affects individual regions will change over time and depending on the ability of different social and ecological systems to mitigate or adapt to change.
The IPCC predicts that a global average temperature rise of less than 1-3 degrees Celsius from 1990 levels will be beneficial in some regions and harmful in others. Net annual costs will increase over time as global temperatures rise.
Russia is one of the world leaders in the regulation of the containment system for the increase in the amount of carbon emissions into the atmosphere
All these processes have led to the fact that the governments of countries around the world, including Russia, have come to the creation of certain barriers and indicators to reduce the impact of the carbon footprint on the global climate. At present, Russia is one of the world leaders in regulating the system to contain the increase in carbon emissions into the atmosphere, alternately supporting both the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement on climate.
A system to contain the growth of greenhouse gas emissions, however, is impossible without a system of regulation and assessment of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere by various manufacturers. In general, the system for estimating CO2 emissions into the atmosphere starts with each individual person and ends when calculating the total emissions of a country or region.
In order to develop a common method for assessing greenhouse gas emissions at the organization level, a system of international standards ISO 14064 "Greenhouse gases" was created, which describes the process of assessing the level of greenhouse gas emissions at the organization level based on a map of the organization's processes, and also explains methods for reducing and removing greenhouse gases. gases by the organization.
The First Validation and Verification Center is the first validation and verification body in Russia that specializes in quantifying greenhouse gas emissions by organizations. FVVC in its activities is guided by the standards of GOST R ISO 14064, has competencies in the field of carbon footprint assessment, as well as validation and verification experts trained in advanced techniques prepared by the National Accreditation Institute of the Federal Accreditation Agency and the Italian national accreditation body ACCREDIA.
FVVC's work is primarily aimed at disseminating information in Russia about how the carbon footprint affects climate change and helping Russian enterprises to meet the changes in carbon regulation in Russia and the EU countries.