The topic of reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the Russian Federation has been in high demand for the regulator since the late 2000s, when Russia actively entered the processes associated with the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. In the context of increasing industrial production in the 2000s, Russia could come to a situation in which its total CO2 equivalent emissions could exceed the established limits based on the 1990 RSFSR level. At the same time, in the mid-2000s, in the scientific circles of Russia, despite the approval of the most favorable format of relations for our country within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol, the point of view of that part of the scientific community that casts doubt on the anthropogenic nature of global warming prevailed. The heterogeneity of the opinion of the scientific community regarding the very idea that a person significantly affects climate change has become one of the reasons for mistrust of the ideas of the Kyoto Protocol for Russia, up to the opinion that it is detrimental to the country's economy, despite the fact that the Russian Federation was able to bargain for itself truly unique conditions compared to other major states.
Subsequently, a situation arose in which Russia, despite the fact that the country was at the forefront of nations when introducing a new global climate policy, began to actually give way on the world stage to other countries, primarily the EU, which has become a world leader since the early 2000s. in the topic of reducing the human carbon footprint. Russia's lack of activity on this issue has become less noticeable due to the US withdrawal from the Kyoto agreement, but America's position on this issue is highly likely to change in the opposite direction due to a change in the country's political leadership.
In 2015, by Order of the Government of the Russian Federation of April 22, 2015 N 716-r, the Concept for the formation of a system for monitoring, reporting and checking the volume of greenhouse gas emissions in the Russian Federation was approved. The concept sets the following goals: Raising awareness of federal government bodies of the Russian Federation, regions and local governments and other persons about the volume of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions; creation of an information base for the formation of a state system for regulating target indicators for reducing emissions; creation of prerequisites for monitoring the implementation of projects to reduce emissions. At the same time, both the specific actions of the federal executive body for its implementation, including in the field of developing regulatory legal acts, and the timing of the implementation of individual stages have been established.
A key change in Russia's position on the issue of carbon footprint regulation is the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of November 4, 2020 No. 666 "On reducing greenhouse gas emissions", which prescribes to ensure by 2030 a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by up to 70 percent compared to the 1990 level, taking into account the maximum the possible absorbing capacity of forests and other ecosystems and subject to sustainable and balanced socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, and also to develop, taking into account the specifics of economic sectors, a Strategy for the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation with a low level of greenhouse gas emissions until 2050 and approve it.