Validation - A systematic, independent and documented process for evaluating a GHG assertion related to a greenhouse gas project plan against agreed validation criteria.
New borrowed from Latin, and, accordingly, further from the English language, the word validation means literally "confirmation". By and large, there is no big difference between validation, verification and certification, in terms of the translation of these words. All of them mean, in a general sense, confirmation of the conformity of one or another statement to some rules and requirements. However, due to the development of the conformity assessment industry, these concepts are scattered, and they have quite a lot of differences.
For a simpler explanation, one should use the example of the difference between the terms “greenhouse gas validation” and “greenhouse gas verification”.
Typically, the process for estimating greenhouse gas emissions and removals is as follows:
- At the first stage, the organization evaluates current emissions and removals of greenhouse gases. This can be done by her on her own, or with the help of third-party consultants. In any case, the assessment of greenhouse gas emissions ends with a statement (report) on greenhouse gas emissions. In this statement, the company declares its emissions and removal of greenhouse gases. Such approval is prepared in accordance with GOST R ISO 14064-1 “Greenhouse gases. Part 1. Requirements and guidance for quantifying and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and removals at the organization level"1.
- At the second stage, the organization contacts the greenhouse gas verification authority. This verification body verifies the reporting of greenhouse gas emissions and removals. That is, it confirms or does not confirm the organization's current emissions and removal of greenhouse gases. Thus, the verification process is the process of reviewing the current or past state of affairs in an organization with respect to its emissions or removal of greenhouse gases.
- At the third stage, the organization, having made a decision to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, develops a project to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In its project, it naturally relies on the figures obtained at stage 1 and verified at stage 2. In the project on greenhouse gases, which must be drawn up in accordance with the requirements of GOST R ISO 14064-2 “Greenhouse gases. Part 2. Requirements and guidance for quantifying, monitoring and reporting on projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or increase their removal at the project level"2, the company describes various methods greenhouse gases, and indicates the timing of these activities. For example, a company can place afforestation on its existing plots, or implement a project to remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere with subsequent storage, etc. All these activities will ultimately lead to a certain removal of a certain amount of greenhouse gases.
- At the fourth stage, the company applies to the greenhouse gas validation body, which validates the project to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. That is, we see that validation is a confirmation of what will happen in the future. Of course, during validation, the validation body does not confirm that the events outlined in the project to reduce greenhouse gas emissions will necessarily occur. The main thing in the validation of greenhouse gas projects is to confirm that, according to the methodology chosen by the company and the actions described, the implementation of the project is possible and, with due effort, will lead to the results described in the project.
- At the fifth stage, the company verifies the results obtained from the implementation of the project to reduce greenhouse gases. Thus, the cycle of work of the company and the validation and verification body can be considered complete.
You can go through the validation of projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the First Center for Validation and Verification. Working with the First Center will allow you to really confirm the reduction of emissions in strict accordance with the requirements of ISO international standards, the ETS procedures of the European Union and the provisions of the Federal Law of 02.07.2021 N 296-FZ "On limiting greenhouse gas emissions"3.